The Metamorphosis of the subject in Foucault and Castaneda


By Christos Voudouris


The title, as well as the hero of the book, concerns the reader himself / herself as witness to his / her own life, who is called on, through implementing the same techniques of self-awareness and self-control taught in it—recapitulation, the monitor of conscience, testimony, the monitor of behaviour, meditation, writing, reading, reflection on death, careful listening, silence—, to reach knowledge itself and the same or even deeper conclusions.


This book wants to push the reader into the little room of his or her self, where, with sincere introspection and by consciously breathing in the images of life’s experiences, he or she will manage to acquire, as a prize, the understanding that is necessary to align himself with the world, which is always the second interlocutor, for the benefit of both parties: himself and the world.


Becoming happy or sad requires the same amount of energy. What changes is the direction. The world is primarily energy, and then an object and, only if we view it as such, will we manage to take part in its perennial transformations, flowing with it and changing, while we remain the same, for it is us alone that ring these changes.


Christos Voudouris

Christos Voudouris studied Philosophy at the University of Tubingen, Germany. He also graduated from the University of Vienna, Austria. The subject of his first graduate thesis was “Praxis as the way to know God, in the works of Saint Augustine Confessiones”, and his second thesis’ was “Human sordidness and the liberation of conscience, in a Talmud on the subject of the obley in the Jewish religious tradition. “His postgraduate thesis, on which this book is based, was titled “Die Verwandlung does Subjekts bei Foucault und Castaneda” [The Metamorphosis of the Subject in Foucalt and Canstaneda]. Voudouris is also the founder of the Applied Practical Philosophy laboratory “Clinical Philosophy”, ( as well as an instigator and co-organiser of a biannual international philosophical symposium in the island of Samothraki, Greece.

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